Astronauts have been dwelling on the Worldwide Area Station for greater than 20 years — consuming, sleeping, showering, and utilizing the bathroom as their our bodies float round in microgravity.
Life on the station, which orbits 400 km above Earth, will likely be no completely different for Emirati astronaut Sultan Al Neyadi throughout his six-month keep.
The 41-year-old will embark on his first area mission on Feb. 26, bringing with him conventional Emirati meals, images of his household, the UAE flag and different private gadgets to make his setting much less unique.
However there will likely be many new issues the astronaut must get used to — together with consuming espresso produced from processed and filtered urine and sweat.
Astronauts over time have documented these every day routines to point out the general public what life is like of their orbiting science lab.
The apparent query – is there a bathroom?
The most recent high-tech rest room, value $23 million, will likely be put in on the Worldwide Area Station in 2020.
It’s believed to be the most costly rest room ever assembled, surpassing a $19 million request by NASA in 2007.
Referred to as the Common Waste Administration System (UWMS), the titanium rest room makes use of airflow to tug urine and stool away from the physique into separate containers.
A brand new function is that the airflow begins routinely as quickly because the lid is lifted, which additionally helps with odor management.
It additionally options wear-resistant components and a complicated design that requires much less time to scrub and keep.
Which means astronauts spend much less time on plumbing to give attention to different duties.
Astronauts use a funnel and hose for urine and a stool for bowel actions – each can be utilized on the similar time.
The bathroom has footrests and hand grips that stop the astronaut from floating away.
Bathroom paper, napkins and gloves are disposed of in watertight baggage.
Strong waste is stored in particular person baggage. Most of those are loaded onto a cargo ship and burned on re-entry by way of Earth’s ambiance, however some are despatched again for analysis.
The liquid is processed and filtered for consumption.
Water is heavy and space for storing is proscribed on the Worldwide Area Station, so astronauts should recycle nearly every part, together with urine and sweat.
Evidently Dr. Al Neyadi has every part he wants within the lavatory apart from the bidet.
Preserve it clear
Water does not circulate in a zero-gravity setting, so astronauts bathe and brush their tooth in another way.
Which means putting in a bathe, faucet, or sink on the ISS wouldn’t be possible as a result of the water would float away in droplets.
As a substitute, Dr. Al Neyadi will use a moist washcloth containing physique lotion to scrub himself.
To scrub his hair, he must apply shampoo with out water and wipe it dry with a towel.
To brush his tooth, he can squeeze small quantities of water by way of a straw to rinse after which swallow.
Extra than simply freeze-dried meals
Meals on the Worldwide Area Station have improved over time, because of a brand new oven put in two years in the past.
The astronauts baked biscuits and used station-grown greens as a part of their food plan.
However they principally devour dried meals which can be saved in packages. They add water to it or warmth it within the oven, so it’s prepared for consumption.
There are some ready-to-eat gadgets, together with fruit, bread, and nuts.
Dr. Al Neyadi has but to disclose what his menu will embody, however there will likely be some conventional Emirati delicacies.
Throughout Emirati astronaut Hazzaa Al Mansoori’s flight in 2019, he took balaleet (an Emirati breakfast staple of sweetened vermicelli served with an omelette on high), salona (hen stew) and madrooba (a scrumptious thick oatmeal).
Astronauts in area typically have “meals events” in area typically, particularly throughout holidays equivalent to Thanksgiving, Christmas, or birthdays.
He was in nice form
Exercising day by day for 2 hours is necessary for astronauts to scale back the results of zero gravity on their muscle tissues and bones.
However they have to use harnesses to forestall themselves from floating away.
They do a variety of weight coaching with resistance train tools, together with vacuum rollers that assist simulate precise weights used on the ground.
On the treadmill, astronauts use rubber straps to stabilize their our bodies as they run.
In addition they use an accelerometer – a bicycle with out wheels.
Dr. Al Neyadi is a health fanatic, having educated in jiu-jitsu for a few years, and he takes his jiu-jitsu go well with with him to area.
A superb evening’s sleep
Dr. Al Neyadi must confine himself to a small sleeping pod or sleeping bag to forestall himself from floating away.
Astronauts prior to now have additionally complained of an excessive amount of noise on the Worldwide Area Station, together with the sound of air-con followers and equipment, in order that they use earplugs.
Lengthy distance relationships
Dr. Al Neyadi is on a long-term task, however will be capable to talk together with his household.
There are laptops with web entry on the Worldwide Area Station and astronauts can have voice and video calls with their family members.
Nonetheless, they should notify the mission controller first, to allow them to direct the satellite tv for pc for the decision.
Which means relations can not contact Dr. Al Neyadi on their very own, because the satellite tv for pc could also be out of vary.
Up to date: February 1, 2023, 4:25 a.m