Biden tells UN that Putin’s attempts to ‘extinguish’ Ukraine must ‘make your blood cool’


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CNN

President Joe Biden On Wednesday, he declared Russia’s invasion of Ukraine a violation of world order, sharpening his rebuke to President Vladimir Putin as the war entered a new tense moment.

Biden’s speech at the United Nations General Assembly came hours after Putin announced an expansion of his war effort, lending the annual speech a dangerous Cold War-style as Biden sought to rally nations behind his efforts to isolate and punish Russia.

“This war is about canceling Ukraine’s right to exist as a state and Ukrainians’ right to exist as a people,” Biden told the international body. “This should make your blood cool.”

Speaking inside the soaring General Assembly hall, Biden called the seven-month invasion a “needless, brutal war” that amounts to a “shameful violation” of the UN Charter.

“Putin claims he had to act because Russia was threatened, but no one threatened Russia and no one but Russia sought conflict,” Biden said in his speech.

Biden returned to green marble united nations stage Wednesday, hours after the Russian president delivered his provocative speech, which led to a verbal confrontation between the two leaders on the international stage.

Putin’s speech made clear the challenges ahead for Biden’s efforts to support Ukraine and punish Moscow. Combined effects of Protracted conflict and economic uncertainty Create a bleak mood among world leaders gathering in New York this week for the United Nations’ annual high-level meetings.

Biden had already planned to make the Ukraine war a focus of his annual address to the United Nations, with aides previewing a tough message for Moscow. But Putin’s announcement that he was ordering Partial mobilization of Russian citizens In the Ukraine war, once again the specter of the use of nuclear weapons raised the stakes significantly for Biden’s speech.

Biden accused Putin of making “irresponsible nuclear threats” in his speech, and declared that “nuclear war cannot be won, and should never be fought.”

“Let’s talk frankly: a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council invaded its neighbor, and tried to erase the sovereign state from the map,” he said.

Hours earlier, in his 20-minute speech, Putin warned that he would use “every means at our disposal” if he deemed Russia’s “territorial integrity” to be in jeopardy. The mobilization means the possibility of calling up citizens who are in reserve and subjecting those with military experience to compulsory conscription, Putin said, adding that the necessary decree had already been signed and entered into force on Wednesday.

In response, Biden said that Putin is waging a war aimed at destroying the Ukrainian nation.

“We will stand in solidarity against the Russian aggression during this period,” he said.

Video: Explaining Putin’s threats and his military escalation

Biden warned that the foundation of the UN Charter was “under attack” amid Russia’s war in Ukraine, which he described as a “shameful” violation of the organization’s founding document.

“As we meet today, the foundation of the United Nations Charter for a stable, just and rules-based order is under attack by those who wish to demolish it or distort it in their political interest,” Biden said, noting that the 1945 Charter was negotiated by citizens “united in their commitment to working for peace.”

Putin’s escalation followed stunning Russian setbacks in the more than six-month war. Biden, who has led efforts to isolate Russia and provide Ukraine with advanced weapons, was already planning to emphasize those efforts in a Wednesday speech.

Putin’s patriotic speech, which occurred after Biden arrived in New York late Tuesday, caused White House aides to update some of the language of Biden’s speech, according to an official. But the full rewriting was not necessary because White House officials expected some of what Putin would say.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky also plans to address the United Nations later on Wednesday.

After delivering his first speech at the United Nations last year under the cloud of a chaotic withdrawal from Afghanistan and stalled domestic ambitions, Biden aides believed he entered his second-year trip with a stronger hand.

“We think the president is heading to New York with the wind behind him,” Sullivan told reporters at the White House on Tuesday, citing a mostly united Western alliance and recent victories on the domestic front, including a historic investment in the fight against the climate. they change.

Even as Biden announced a renewed US leadership on Wednesday, deeper questions remain about his ability to maintain that position in the coming years, as fears of a global recession loom and threats to American democracy loom.

Biden has spent a great deal of time emphasizing those threats in recent weeks, primarily to a domestic audience but also listening to foreign capital with interest. He recounted in his recent speeches sitting around a table at last year’s G7 summit in Cornwall, England, telling fellow leaders that “America is back.”

French President Emmanuel Macron, Biden, told the audience, asking him: “For how long?”

That question still hangs over Biden’s efforts on the world stage, even a year and a half into his tenure, as his predecessor continues to wield influence over the Republican Party and prepares for another race for the White House. Biden himself said in an interview that aired on Sunday that while he intends to run for re-electionThe final decision is not yet clear.

One of the issues currently taking center stage in world affairs – the painful negotiations to resume the Iran nuclear deal, which Trump withdrew from – only underscores the effects of pendulum swings in US leadership.

In his speech, Biden reiterated his position that the United States will not allow Iran to acquire a nuclear weapon as negotiations to revive the nuclear deal have failed to make much progress in recent months.

“While the United States is ready for a mutual return to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action if Iran implements its commitments, the United States is clear: We will not allow Iran to acquire a nuclear weapon,” Biden said.

For Biden, the annual United Nations address was another stab at explaining to the world how he has brought the United States back into a position of leadership after Donald Trump’s “America First” years.

He called for the expansion of the United Nations Security Council, saying that countries should refrain from using the veto, except in rare cases.

“The United States supports an increase in the number of permanent and non-permanent members of the Security Council,” Biden said in his speech.

He said the continued use of veto power by the council’s member states was detrimental to its effectiveness, and said that vetoing only in “rare and unusual cases” would ensure the council remained “credible and effective.” Russia has consistently vetoed Security Council resolutions that have impeded action on Ukraine and other regions.

In his speech, Biden also announced $2.9 billion in US aid to help tackle global food insecurity. The White House said in a fact sheet that the $2.9 billion investment is aimed at shoring up food supplies amid Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, widespread inflation and other supply chain issues, and builds on the $6.9 billion the United States has already committed this year.

It includes $2 billion in global humanitarian aid through the United States Agency for International Development, the United States Agency for International Development.

Later Wednesday morning, Biden will host a pledging session for the Global Fund to Fight HIV, AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. In the evening, Biden and the first lady will host a leaders’ reception at the American Museum of Natural History.

Biden and his aides drafted the title for several weeks, a period that coincided with the return of a successful counterattack in Ukraine. Some lands controlled by Russia after months of occupation. The initiative was coordinated with US officials, including by promoting information and intelligence sharing, and supporting it with weapons provided by the United States and its allies.

US officials cautioned that Ukraine’s current gains do not necessarily indicate a broader change in expectations for the war, which is still likely to be a protracted conflict. A day before Biden’s speech, two Russian-controlled regions in eastern Ukraine announced plans to hold referendums on formal accession to Russia, voices the United States had previously warned would be “sham”.

One of Biden’s goals in his Wednesday speech was to stress the importance of maintaining unity among Western allies in supporting Ukraine in the uncertain months ahead.

Compounding the effort is a looming energy crisis, with Russia withholding natural gas supplies from Europe as winter approaches. And the high costs generated in part by surmounting Western sanctions on Moscow led to an economic disaster that caused political turmoil for many leaders in the Biden coalition, including himself.

The president will meet with one of those leaders, British Prime Minister Liz Truss, later Wednesday. It will be their first formal in-person talks since Truss took office earlier this month following her predecessor Boris Johnson’s decision to step down.

It has inherited a deep economic crisis, fueled by rising inflation and rising energy costs, which has led to fears that the UK may soon enter a prolonged recession. While few in the Biden administration shed tears over Johnson’s resignation – Biden once described him as a “physical and emotional clone” of Trump – the US and UK have been deeply allied in their approach to Russia under his leadership.

White House officials expect cooperation to continue under Truss’ leadership, even as she is under pressure to ease economic pressures at home.

What is less certain, however, is whether Truss’s hard-line approach to Brexit will hurt relations with Biden. The president has taken a personal interest in the special issue of the Northern Ireland Protocol, a post-Brexit arrangement that requires additional checks on goods moving between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK.

The rules were made to keep the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland open and to avoid a resurgence of sectarian violence. But Truss moved to rewrite those rules, causing deep concern in both Brussels and Washington.

Putin will not attend this year’s General Assembly, although his Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov was in New York for the event. Nor did Chinese President Xi Jinping attend the United Nations in person this year.

The two authoritarian leaders, who met face to face last week, have worked to deepen ties between their countries as relations with the West deteriorate. Biden warned Xi about supporting Putin in his invasion of Ukraine, a topic he is expected to repeat in Wednesday’s speech.

Biden said in his speech that the United States does not seek “conflict” with China or other countries.

We are not seeking a cold war. “We are not asking any country to choose between the United States or any other partners,” Biden said.

This story was updated with more developments on Wednesday.

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