AI, 5G, and nanomedicine can help patients or become cyber targets

The federal agency identifies potential weaknesses in the latest technology.

AI and other cutting-edge technologies have the potential to help healthcare — and could be new portals for it Cyber ​​threats.

US Department of Health and Human Services” Cyber ​​Security Coordination Center for the Health Sector This month, HC3 analyzed potential weaknesses in the cutting-edge technology being integrated into medicine and many other aspects of life.

“Modern information technologies have a profound impact on the health sector, but they also bring security considerations with them,” he said. the reportEmerging technology and security implications for the health sector.

Artificial intelligence

HC3 has endorsed a number of definitions of artificial intelligence, describing it as “technology that simulates human activity, decision-making, and learning”. The agency cited IBM and John McCarthythe Stanford University computer science professor who coined the phrase “artificial intelligence,” and is now considered the “father of artificial intelligence.”

AI has the ability to analyze large data sets, make faster decisions, and predict outcomes. At least one news report has found that Google’s AI software is outperforming radiologists at detecting breast cancer on mammograms.

AI is not “inherently insecure,” but it does allow de-identified data to be re-identified, which raises concerns about patient confidentiality and privacy.

5G network

The fifth generation cellular network technology – officially called “5G New Radio” – increases data transfer speeds and simultaneous Handle more devices. That could be aided by medicine with telehealth offerings, surgical robotics and potential telesurgery.

5G connectivity is expected to enable the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), such as wearable medical devices that transmit patient data to physicians. Citing health insurance company Anthem, 86% of physicians say IoMT devices increase patients’ involvement in their health.

But the cybersecurity threats of 5G networks overlap with those of the Internet of Things. According to HC3, hardware, software, and hardware communication must have built-in security measures to defend against intrusions.

nanomedicine

Nanomedicine is the application of very small technology in medicine. Applications could include drug delivery at the cellular level and improved diagnostic imaging due to the unique properties of nanoparticles.

It also opens up the possibility Human penetration. HC3 cited a study published in nanoappsmedical.com on the extreme development, but extreme vulnerability, of nanotechnology.

Attacking nanoparticles inside a patient may seem far-fetched, but hacking into a medical device is almost unheard of. Johnson & Johnson made headlines in 2016 when the company announced that its insulin pump might be hacked, exposing diabetics to an insulin overdose. This was thought to be the first time a manufacturer had issued a warning to patients about a “cyber vulnerability” in a device, according to one Report from Reuters.

smart hospitals

Smart hospitals will have greater interconnectedness with real-time access to data and processing. This can lead to the sharing of health records, effective primary care, effective disease prevention, increased effectiveness of high-quality acute care, and improved long-term disease management.

As the attack surface grows, security concerns about 5G and artificial intelligence will apply. patient confidentiality They must be protected and continuous monitoring of hospital networks will be critical, according to HC3.

Quantitative Statistics

Quantum computing and cryptography It will expand and speed up the computing power of technology, so health care technology programmers must assess risks. According to HC3, essential questions include:

  • How much data do you have?
  • Where is it stored? How is this storage protected?
  • How long do you need to store it? protect her?
  • Who should have access to the data?

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